PURPOSE: To demonstrate the reflection of pulses in terminated and unterminated transmission lines and to determine the speed of an electromagnetic wave in the transmission line.
DESCRIPTION: An oscillator produces pulses at a rate of about 8 Mhz, which are input into the transmission line. The scope is triggered externally and the pulse is displayed on the top trace of the dual trace scope. The pulse at the end of the transmission line is displayed on the bottom trace. For a short section of transmission line the input and output pulses line up. Using 100 feet of transmission line the delay is about 150 ns; for this cable v/c is approximately 0.67 so the wave time is about 1.5 nanosecond per foot.
To see reflections, use only the top trace. The far end can be left open, shorted, or terminated with a 50 ohm terminator to prevent reflection.
REFERENCES: (PIRA 5N10.30)
EQUIPMENT: Oscillator, dual trace scope, 100 feet of 50 ohm cable, shorting and 50 ohm terminators.
SETUP TIME: 5 min.
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